Senate GOP gripped by conviction vote intrigue
Six GOP senators voted this week to move forward with President Donald Trump’s impeachment trial. But Republicans believe several more of them may be considering conviction.
As the Trump defense made its argument on Friday, Republicans privately estimated between 5 and 10 of their senators are seriously weighing conviction. There’s no official whip count, and the matter is not being discussed at party meetings, leaving many in the 50-member conference to only guess at their colleague’s inclinations.
In the past, many Republicans have backed down when flirting to break with Trump, and the safe bet for most in the party is still on acquittal. But at the moment there’s an outside chance that one or more GOP senators could deliver Washington a dramatic last-act twist as the Senate prepares to vote as early as Saturday.
“I could see it as possible. I certainly don’t know how many there could be. Certainly not enough for conviction,” Sen. Kevin Cramer (R-N.D).
Granted anonymity to discuss internal politics, a GOP senator said it would be surprising to see more than six Republicans vote to convict but conceded everyone was blindly guessing at the vote count: “That’s the nature of surprises.”
Any Republican voting to convict the president would make huge waves, even if the tally falls far short of 17 GOP senators needed to secure a conviction, as is nearly assured. The 10 House Republicans who voted to impeach the president last month are all facing various degrees of blowback, from censure to early primary challenges.
The Trump legal team began shoring things up on Friday after a disastrous start earlier this week. Even Republicans plainly at odds with Trump said the defense had stepped up its game.
But the question and answer portion did not enthuse the GOP’s swing votes. After praising a “stronger presentation” from the defense, Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska) conceded she did not get an answer to her question about when Trump learned of the Capitol breach, which Democrats also subsequently asked after the defense’s non-answer.
“There was a better attempt at the second time. But yeah, I didn’t really feel it was responsive to our question,” Murkowski said.
And a photograph of Sen. Bill Cassidy’s notes Friday afternoon suggested that despite his criticism earlier this week of Trump’s lawyers, he is leaning towards acquittal. A spokesperson for the Louisiana Republican tweeted that he has not yet made up his mind.
Cassidy also asked a pointed question about whether Trump was concerned for former Vice President Mike Pence’s well-being when Trump tweeted an attack on Pence. Trump’s lawyer Michael van der Veen called the questioned based in “hearsay” despite an account from Sen. Tommy Tuberville (R-Ala.) about the timing of Trump’s tweet. Cassidy said on Friday night that did not really answer his question.
“I didn’t think it was a very good answer,” he said.
In his closing argument, Trump attorney Bruce Castor defended Trump’s rhetoric by pointing out he had been threatening senators with primary threats during his speech on Jan. 6. It was a reminder of how a vote for conviction will play in the GOP.
“Nobody in this chamber is anxious to have a primary challenge. That is one truism I think I can say with some certainty. But that’s the way we operate in this country,” Castor said. Murkowski is up for reelection next year.
GOP Sens. Susan Collins of Maine, Mitt Romney of Utah, Ben Sasse of Nebraska, Pat Toomey of Pennsylvania, Cassidy and Murkowski are all on record deeming the trial constitutional, making them the base of Republicans considering conviction. Cassidy changed his opinion on constitutionality since last month, saying the House Democrats made an effective presentation.
In addition, Sens. Rob Portman of Ohio and Richard Burr of North Carolina are being watched closely by their colleagues. Both are retiring next year, along with Toomey — in theory relieving them of political considerations.
“I’m not going to even talk about it until it’s done,” Burr said Friday. Asked if it was fair to say he was genuinely undecided, he responded: “It’s fair to say I’m not going to talk to you about it at all.”
Portman said Friday evening that he is “still listening” but has “the same concerns about the wisdom of us taking up a impeachment conviction for a former official, particularly a former president.”
“I’ve had that issue all along and I haven’t been convinced otherwise yet,” the Ohio Republican said. “I thought the due process concerns today were also concerning. On the other hand I think what the president did that day was wrong.”
Republicans still see no path for Senate GOP Leader Mitch McConnell to vote to convict, but he has not told colleagues that he is surely an acquittal. He’s repeatedly told Republicans that the final vote, likely Saturday, is one of “conscience.” And since criticizing Trump in January, he’s said little about the matter at all.
A vote to convict Trump would seriously complicate McConnell’s ability to lead the party heading into the midterm elections.
McConnell, Portman and Burr all voted twice in recent weeks that the trial should not go forward.
Although Republicans meet every day in-person, it’s not to mull over conviction votes. In fact, there’s been no coordination among the senators who have voted to find the trial constitutional, Murkowski said.
“I know that there’s a lot of speculation that there’s kind of a shared discussion about ‘What are you going to do?’ That’s just not the case,” she said.
During last year’s impeachment trial, all eyes were on whether moderate Democrats might acquit Trump. But the real surprise was Romney, who revealed his decision to convict Trump in an emotional speech just hours before his final vote. He’s declined to reveal where he will end up this time, too, saying he will weigh the defense’s arguments.